About Cardamom Small
Cardamom or ‘Elettaria cardamomum’ is often called as Cardamom Small in international markets. It is also known as Green Cardamom in some export markets. Cardamom is a dried form of ripe fruit of the cardamom plants.
Because of the pleasant smell and unique taste, it is often referred to as Queen Of Spices. This herbaceous, perennial plant in the ginger family, native to southern India is also known as True Cardamom.
Cardamom plants grow up to a size of 2 to 3 meters. It has leaves of pubescent type on the dorsal side and the fruits appear to be a globular bunch.
Origin of True Cardamom
The evergreen forests in the tropical region are the place where you can find most cardamom cultivation. The Western Ghats in South India is especially Idukki in Kerala is the finest producer of high-quality green cardamom. The world-famous Alleppey Green Cardamom variants are produced in Kerala. The optimum altitude range for growing cardamom is 600 to 1500 meters above sea level. So the Idukki district in Kerala is the right place for cardamom plantations. So the superb quality too.
Uses of Green Cardamom
Cardamom is mainly used to flavor foods such as meat, sweets, confectioneries, baked food items, and ice creams, etc. Cardamom tea and cardamom coffee are also popular because of the mighty aroma of the cardamom. Cardamom oil is used to flavoring processed foods, medicines, liquors, and perfumes too.
Grades of Cardamom Small
The high-quality cardamom in Kerala is again classified into different grades with respect to the size and moisture content. Moisture content is not so relevant as it is always preserved below 7% to 6 % for a better storage period. The size grades are 8mm+ , 8 – 7 mm, 7.5 – 6.5 mm, below 6.5 mm etc. The higher the size the higher the grade and prices to have a marginal difference.